Unit for the care of people living with HIV

The Akonolinga District Hospital has a unity for the care of HIV patients. Acquired immune deficiency syndrome, more commonly known as AIDS epidemic, is a set of symptoms following the destruction of immune system cells by the human immune deficiency virus (HIV). AIDS is the last stage of HIV infections when immune suppression is severe. It leads to death from opportunistic illnesses. A person with AIDS is referred to as a person living with HIV / AIDS.

The diagnosis of HIV infection involves the detection of antibodies to HIV in the blood of patients. It is the search for HIV seropositive, which is a sign of infection; but the absence of HIV seropositive does not mean that there was no contamination (which may be the case at the very beginning of the infection).

Three modes of transmission were observed :

  • Through sexual intercourse, which is the main means of contagion;
  • Through blood transfusion: particularly it concerns those who inject drugs and health professionals;
  • From mother to child: which can occur through utero in the last weeks of pregnancy, at the time of delivery and breastfeeding.

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